Cardiovascular diseases and vitamin D status in overseas-born populations living in Australia, with a focus on migrants born in Asia

Date & time

12.30–1.30pm 14 November 2014

Location

Bob Douglas Lecture Theatre, Building 62 NCEPH (entrance on Eggleston Road)

Speakers

Sophie Guo, NCEPH, PhD Final Seminar

Contacts

 Vasoontara Yieng

Sophie Guo is a PhD candidate at the National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health. She completed her MBBS degree in 2010 in China. Prior to joining NCEPH, she worked as a research assistant in the clinical laboratory of Nanjing Maternity and Child Health hospital in China, on translational research related to cervical cancer.

Abstract

The prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, and CVD-related morbidity and mortality vary amongst migrant groups according to their country of birth, cultural background and their host (new) country. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated as a risk factor for CVD. The inter-relationships between vitamin D status, cardio-metabolic health and acculturation have not been explored in migrant groups in Australia.

Using baseline data and linked data from the 45 and Up Study, we investigated CVD risk profiles and the risk of hospitalisation for a range of CVD diagnoses, comparing those born overseas to those born in Australia, with an emphasis on Asian-born migrants. We further explored the association between indicators of acculturation and sun exposure patterns and vitamin D deficiency in Northeast Asian migrants, using quantitative data from the community-based Asian Australian Health Study. Finally we explored potential methods to estimate vitamin D status as a CVD risk factor in population-based studies with a considerable proportion of migrants. In this seminar we present the key findings of these studies.

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