Professor Sotiris Vardoulakis

PhD, MSc, BSc (Hons), PGCHE, FIEnvSc, FIAQM
Professor of Global Environmental Health



Professor Sotiris Vardoulakis CV


Sotiris Vardoulakis is inaugural Professor of Global Environmental Health and Leader of the Environment, Climate, and Health Group at the ANU National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health. Previously he held a number of senior academic, civil service and consultancy positions in the UK. He was Director of Research and Head of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Occupational Health at the Institute of Occupational Medicine in Edinburgh, Head of the Environmental Change Department, and of the Air Pollution and Climate Change Group, at Public Health England, and lecturer and course director at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the University of Birmingham. He is currently Honorary Professor at the European Centre for Environment and Human Health at the University of Exeter Medical School.

Sotiris co-founded and currently co-chairs the International Consortium for Urban Environmental Health and Sustainability (Healthy-Polis), and the Clean Environment and Planetary Health in Asia (CEPHA) network. He was one of the lead authors of the first UK Climate Change Risk Assessment and contributor to the National Adaptation Programme. He served as a member of the NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, UK) Public Health Advisory Committee on Air Pollution, the UK Royal College of Paediatricians and Childhood Health Group on Indoor Air Quality, and the UNEP Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6) for Cities.

For more than 20 years, he has advised national and local governments and international organizations, such as the World Health Organization, the European Parliament, the UK Government, the Australian Department of Health, and the Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention on the health effects of climate change and air pollution, and on environmental sustainability, health impact assessment, and risk communication. Sotiris has been involved in numerous research projects, including field studies, environmental monitoring and modelling, epidemiology, risk assessment and policy analysis in Europe, Australia, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific.

His main research interests include climate change, air pollution and health, sustainable cities, exposure assessment, environmental epidemiology, occupational hygiene, and public health communication and policy. He is Specialty Chief Editor (Health and Cities) for Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, and Associate Editor (Climate Change and Health) for the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Sotiris frequently comments in the media and tweets @SotirisVard.


    Research interests

    • Climate change and health
    • Air pollution and health
    • Sustainable cities
    • Sustainable transport
    • Environmental exposure assessment
    • Environmental epidemiology
    • Occupational Hygiene
    • Health impact assessment
    • Risk communication
    • Non-communicable diseases
    • Environmental transmission of infectious diseases
    • Urban health
    • Public health
    • Planetary health

    Project spotlight


    Vardoulakis S., 2021. Policy reflection on climate change and health. Australian Health Review.

    Cowie C.T., Wheeler A.J., Tripovich J.S., Porta-Cubas A., Dennekamp M., Vardoulakis S., Goldman M., Sweet M., Howard P., Johnston F., 2021. Policy Implications for protecting health from the hazards of fire smoke. A Panel Discussion Report from the Workshop Landscape Fire Smoke: Protecting Health in an Era of Escalating Fire Risk. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, 5702.

    Niu Y., Li Z., Gao Y., Liu X., Xu L., Vardoulakis S., Yue Y., Wang J., Liu Q., 2021. A systematic review of the development and validation of the heat vulnerability index: major factors, methods, and spatial units. Current Climate Change Reports.

    Mueller W., Vardoulakis S., Steinle S., Loh M., Johnston H.J., Precha N., Kliengchuay W., Sahanavin N., Nakhapakorn K5. Sillaparassamee R., Tantrakarnapa K., Cherrie J.W. 2021. A health impact assessment of long-term exposure to particulate air pollution in Thailand. Environmental Research Letters 16, 055018.

    Fenech S., Doherty R.M., O’Connor F., Heaviside C., Macintyre H.L., Vardoulakis S., Agnew P., Neal L., 2021. Future air pollution related health burdens associated with RCP emission changes in the UK. Science of the Total Environment 773, 145635.

    Mueller W., Wilkinson P., Milner J., Vardoulakis S., Steinle S., Pärkkä J., Parmes E., Cluitmans L., Kuijpers E., Pronk A., Sarigiannis D., Karakitsios S., Chapizanis D., Maggos T., Stamatelopoulou A., Loh M., 2021. Neighbourhood and path-based greenspace in three European countries: Associations with objective physical activity. BMC Public Health 21:282.

    Hanigan I.C., Broome R., Chaston T., Cope M., Dennekamp M., Heyworth J., Heathcote K., Horsley J., Jalaludin B., Jegasothy E., Johnston F., Knibbs L., Pereira G., Vardoulakis S., Vander Hoorn S., Morgan G., 2021. Avoidable mortality attributable to anthropogenic fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, 254.

    Heaviside C., Witham C., Vardoulakis S., 2021. Potential health impacts from sulphur dioxide and sulphate exposure in the UK resulting from an Icelandic effusive volcanic eruption. Science of the Total Environment 774, 145549.

    Vardoulakis S., Giagloglou E., Steinle S., Davis A., Sleeuwenhoek A., Galea K.S., Dixon K., Crawford J.O., 2020. Indoor Exposure to Selected Chemical Air Pollutants: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, 8972; doi:10.3390/ijerph17238972

    Mueller W., Johnston H.J., Cherrie J.W., Tantrakarnapa K., Loh M., Vardoulakis S., Stein S., 2021. Exposure to ambient particulate matter and biomass burning during pregnancy: Associations with birth weight in Thailand. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology.

    Steinle S., Johnston H.J., Loh M., Mueller W., Vardoulakis S., Tantrakarnapa K., Cherrie J.W., 2020. In utero exposure to particulate air pollution during pregnancy: Impact on birth weight and health through the life course. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, 8948; doi:10.3390/ijerph17238948

    Todkill D., Colón-González F.J., Morbey R., Charlett A., Hajat S., Kovats S., Osborne N., McInnes R.N., Vardoulakis S., Exley K., Edeghere O., Smith G., Elliot A.J., 2020. Environmental factors associated with general practitioner consultations for allergic rhinitis in London, England: a retrospective time series analysis. BMJ Open 10: e036724. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036724

    Cooper N., Green D., Guo Y., Vardoulakis S., 2020. School children’s exposure to indoor fine particulate matter. Environmental Research Letters 15; 115003.

    Vardoulakis S., Sheel M., Lal A., Gray D., 2020. COVID-19: Environmental transmission and preventive public health measures. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. DOI:10.1111/1753-6405.13033

    Vardoulakis S., Salmond J., Krafft T., Morawska L., 2020. Urban environmental health interventions towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Science of the Total Environment 748 (2020), 141530.

    Arbuthnott K., Hajat S., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., 2020. Years of life lost and mortality due to heat and cold in the three largest English cities.  Environment International 144, 105966.

    Zeka A., Tobias A., Leonardi G., Bianchi F., Lauriola P., Crabbe H., Vardoulakis S., Guo Y., Honda Y., Gasparrini A., Hashizume M., Vicedo A.M., Knudsen L.E., Sera F., Ashworth M., Scientific Committee INPHET. Responding to COVID-19 now and in the future requires strong epidemiologic evidence of its environmental and societal determining factors. Lancet Planetary Health (in press)

    Mueller W., Loh M., Vardoulakis S., Johnston H.J., Steinle S., Precha N., Kliengchuay W., Tantrakarnapa K., Cherrie J.W., 2020. Ambient particulate matter and biomass burning: An ecological time series study of respiratory and cardiovascular hospital visits in northern Thailand. Environmental Health 19, 77.

    Yang L., Liu C., Bi P., Vardoulakis S., Huang C., 2020. Local actions to health risks of heatwaves and dengue fever under climate change: Strategies and barriers among primary healthcare professionals in Southern China. Environmental Research 187, 109688.

    Jalaludin B., Johnston F., Vardoulakis S., Morgan G., 2020. Reflections on the catastrophic 2019-2020 Australian bushfires. The Innovation. DOI:10.1016/j.xinn.2020.04.010

    Vardoulakis S, Jalaludin B, Morgan GG, Hanigan IC, Johnston FH. 2020. Bushfire smoke: urgent need for a national health protection strategy. Medical Journal of Australia. DOI:10.5694/mja2.50511

    Vardoulakis S., Marks G., Abramson M.J., 2020. Lessons learned from the Australian fires in the context of climate change, air pollution and health. JAMA Internal Medicine.  DOI:10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.0703

    Lauriola P., Crabbe H., Behbod B., Yip F., Medina S., Semenza J., Vardoulakis S., Kass D., Zeka A., Khonelidze I., Ashworth M., de Hoogh K., Shi X., Staatsen B., Knudsen L.E., Fletcher T., Houthuijs D., Leonardi G., 2020. Advancing Global Health through Environmental and Public Health Tracking. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17: 1976. DOI:10.3390/ijerph17061976

    Mueller W., Steinle S., Pärkkä J., Parmes E., Liedes H., Kuijpers E., Pronk A., Sarigiannis D., Karakitsios S., Chapizanis D., Maggos T., Stamatelopoulou A., Wilkinson P., Milner J., Vardoulakis S., Loh M., 2020. Urban greenspace and the indoor environment: Pathways to health via indoor particulate matter, noise, and road noise annoyance. Environmental Research 180, 108850.

    Santiago J.L., Sánchez B., Quaassdorff C., de la Paz D., Martilli A., Martín F., Borge R., Rivas E., Gómez-Moreno F.J., Díaz E., Artiñano B., Yagüe C., Vardoulakis S., 2020. Performance evaluation of a multiscale modelling system applied to particulate matter dispersion in a real traffic hot spot in Madrid (Spain). Atmospheric Pollution Research 11, 141-155.

    Vardoulakis S., Kinney P., 2019. Grand Challenges in Sustainable Cities and Health. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities - Health and Cities 1:7. DOI: 10.3389/frsc.2019.00007

    Johnston H.J., Mueller W., Steinle S., Vardoulakis S., Tantrakamapa K., Loh M., Cherrie J.W., 2019. How harmful is particulate matter emitted from biomass burning? A Thailand perspective. Current Pollution Reports 5(4), 353–377.

    Rother HA., Sabel C.E., Vardoulakis S., 2020. A Collaborative Framework Highlighting Climate-Sensitive Non-communicable Diseases in Urban Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Ramutsindela M., Mickler D. (eds) Africa and the Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainable Development Goals Series. Springer, Cham

    Morawska L., Miller W., Riley M., Vardoulakis S., Zhu Y., Marks G., Garnawat P., Kumar P., Thynell M., 2019. Towards Urbanome the genome of the city to enhance the form and function of future cities. Nature Communications 10, 4014.

    Costa C, Santana P., Dimitroulopoulou S., Burstrom B., Borrell C., Schweikart J., Dzúrová D., Zangarini N., Katsouyanni K., Deboseree P., Freitas A., Mitsakou C., Samoli E., Vardoulakis S., et al. 2019. Population Health inequalities across and within European Metropolitan Areas through the lens of the EURO-HEALTHY Population Health Index. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16(5), 836.

    Carnell E., Vieno M., Vardoulakis S., Beck R., Heaviside C., Tomlinson S., Dragosits U., Heal M., Reis S., 2019. Modelling public health improvements as a result of air pollution control policies in the UK over four decades – 1970 to 2010. Environmental Research Letters 14, 074001.

    Fenech S., Doherty R., Heaviside C., Macintyre H.L., O’Connor F., Vardoulakis S., Neal L., Agnew P., 2019. Meteorological drivers and mortality associated with O3 and PM2.5 air pollution episodes in the UK in 2006. Atmospheric Environment 213, 699-710.

    Samoli E., Stergiopoulou A., Santana P., Rodopoulou S., Mitsakou C., Dimitroulopoulou C., Bauwelinck M., De Hoogh K., Costa C., Dell'Olmo M.M., Corman D., Vardoulakis S., Katsouyanni K., 2019. Spatial variability in air pollution exposure in relation to socioeconomic indicators in nine European metropolitan areas: a study on environmental inequality. Environmental Pollution 249, 345-353.

    Almendra R., Santana P., Mitsakou C., Heaviside C., Samoli E., Rodopoulou S., Katsouyanni K., Vardoulakis S., 2019. Cold-related mortality in three European metropolitan areas: Athens, Lisbon and London. Implications for health promotion. Urban Climate 30, 100532.

    Gómez-Moreno F.J., Artíñano B., Díaz Ramiro E., Barreiro M., Núñez L., Coz E., Dimitroulopoulou C., Vardoulakis S., Yagüe C., Maqueda G., Sastre M., Román-Cascón C., Santamaría J.M., Borge R., 2019. Urban vegetation and particle air pollution: Experimental campaigns in a traffic hotspot. Environmental Pollution 247, 195-205.

    Mitsakou C., Dimitroulopoulou S., Heaviside C., Katsouyanni K., Samoli E., Rodopoulou S., Costa C., Almendra R., Santana P., Dell’Olmo M.M., Borell C., Corman D., Zengarini N., Deboosere P., Franke C., Schweikart J., Lustigova M., Spyrou C., De Hoogh K., Fecht D., Gulliver J., Vardoulakis S., 2019. Environmental public health risks in European metropolitan areas within the EURO-HEALTHY study. Science of the Total Environment 658, 1630-1639.

     Vicedo-Cabrera A.,… Vardoulakis S., Hajat S., Haines A., Armstrong B., Ebi K.L., Gasparrini A., 2018. Temperature-mortality impacts under and beyond Paris Agreement climate change scenarios. Climatic Change Letters 150, 391-402.

    Mitchell D., Heaviside C., Schaller N., Allen M., Ebi K.L., Fischer E.M., Gasparrini A., Harrington L., Kharin V., Shiogama H., Sillmann J., Sippel S., Vardoulakis S., 2018. Extreme heat-related mortality avoided under Paris Agreement goals. Nature Climate Change 8, 551-553.

    Gao J., Hou H., Zhai Y., Woodward A., Vardoulakis S., Kovats S., Wilkinson P., Li L., Song X., Xu L., Meng B., Liu X., Wang J., Zhao J., Liu Q., 2018. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction in different economic sectors: Mitigation measures, health co-benefits, knowledge gaps, and policy implications. Environmental Pollution 240, 683-698.

    Vardoulakis S., Osborne N.J., 2018. Air pollution and asthma. Archives of Disease in Childhood 103(9), 813-814.

    Salmond J., Sabel C.E., Vardoulakis S., 2018. Towards the integrated study of urban climate, air pollution and public health. Climate 6(1), 14.

    Vardoulakis S., Kettle R., Cosford P., Lincoln P., Holgate S., Grigg J., Kelly F., Pencheon D., 2018. Local action on outdoor air pollution to improve health. International Journal of Public Health 63, 557-565.

    Wang L., Zhang F., Pilot E., Yu J., Nie C., Holdway J., Yang L., Li Y., Wang W., Vardoulakis S., Krafft T., 2018. Taking action on air pollution control in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region: progress, challenges and opportunities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, 306; doi:10.3390/ijerph15020306

    Gao J., Kovats S., Vardoulakis S. Woodward A., Wilkinson P., Gu S., Liu X., Li J., Yang J., Li J., Liu Q., 2018. Public health co-benefits of greenhouse gas emissions reduction: a systematic review. Science of the Total Environment 627, 388-402.

    Arbuthnott K., Hajat S., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., 2018. What is cold-related mortality and will climate change reduce it? A multi-disciplinary perspective to inform future assessments. Environment International 121 (Part 1), 119-129.

    Fenech S., Doherty R., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., Macintyre H.L., O’Connor F., 2018. The influence of model spatial resolution on simulated ozone and fine particulate matter: implications for health impact assessments. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, 5765-5784.

    Macintyre H.L., Heaviside C., Taylor J., Picetti R., Symonds P., Cai X., Vardoulakis S., 2018. Assessing urban population vulnerability and environmental risks across an urban area during heatwaves – Implications for health protection. Science of the Total Environment 610-611, 678-690.

    Santana P. (ed.)…. Vardoulakis S. et al., 2017. Atlas of population health in European Union regions. Coimbra University Press. DOI:

    Santana P. (coord.)… Vardoulakis S. et al., 2017. Promoting population health and equity in Europe: from evidence to policy. Coimbra University Press.  DOI:

    Mahmood M.A., Thornes J.E., Pope F.D., Fisher P.A., Vardoulakis S., 2017. Impact of air temperature on London ambulance call-out incidents and response times. Climate 5(3), 61.

    Milner J., Armstrong B., Davies M., Ridley I., Chalabi Z., Shrubsole C., Vardoulakis S., Wilkinson P., 2017. An exposure-mortality relationship for residential indoor PM2.5 exposure from outdoor sources. Climate 5(3), 66.

    Osborne N.J., Alcock I., Wheeler B.W., Hajat S., Sarran C., Clewlow Y., McInnes R.N.,  Hemming D., White M., Vardoulakis S., Fleming L.E., 2017. Pollen exposure and hospitalization due to asthma exacerbations: daily time series in a European city. Int J Biometeorology 61(10), 1837-1848.

    Alcock I., White M., Cherrie M., Wheeler B., Taylor J., McInnes R., Otte im Kampe E., Vardoulakis S., Sarran C., Ireneous S., Fleming L., 2017. Land cover and air pollution are associated with asthma hospitalisations: a cross-sectional study. Environment International 109, 29-41.

    Heaviside C., Macintyre H., Vardoulakis S., 2017. The Urban Heat Island: implications for health in a changing environment. Current Environmental Health Reports 4(3), 296–305.

    Gasparrini A., Guo Y., Sera F., Vicedo-Cabrera A.M., Tobias A., Lavigne E., Huber V., Heaviside C., Hajat S., de Sousa M., Saldiva P., Correa P., Kan H., Osorio S., Jaakkola J., Ryti N., Goodman P., Zeka A., Michelozzi P., Scortichini M., Seposo X., Forsberg B., Åström D., Guo Y.L., Wu C-F., Dang T.N., Van D.D., Tong S., Kim H., Zanobetti A., Schwartz J., Bell M.L., Hashizume M., Honda Y., Vardoulakis S., Haines A., Armstrong B., 2017. Projections of temperature-related excess mortality under climate change scenarios. LANCET Planetary Health 1(9):e360-e367.

    Alcock I., White M., Taylor T., Coldwell D.F., Gribble M.O., Evans K.L., Corner A., Vardoulakis S., Fleming L., 2017. ‘Green’ on the ground but not in the air: Pro-environmental attitudes are related to household behaviours but not discretionary air travel. Global Environmental Change 42, 136-147

    Lo Iacono G., Armstrong B., Fleming L.E., Elson R., Kovats S., Vardoulakis S., Nichols G., 2017. Challenges in developing methods for quantifying the effects of weather and climate on water-associated diseases: a systematic review. Plos Negl Trop Dis 11(6): e0005659.   

    Gao J., Xu G., Ma W., Zhang Y., Woodward A., Vardoulakis S., Kovats S., Wilkinson P., He T., Lin H., Liu T., Gu S., Wang J., Li J., Liu X., Li J.,  Wu H., Liu Q., 2017. Perceptions of health co-benefits in relation to greenhouse gas emission reductions: A survey among urban residents in three cities, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(3), 298.

    McInnes R.N., Hemming D., Burgess P., Lyndsay D., Osborne N., Skjøthf C.A., Thomas S., Vardoulakis S., 2017. Mapping UK pollen taxa to study environmental exposure and human health. Science of the Total Environment 599-600, 483-499

    Gao J., Woodward A., Vardoulakis S., Kovats S., Wilkinson P., Li L., Xu L., Li J., Yang J., Li J., Cao L., Liu X., Wu H., Liu Q., 2017. Haze, public health and mitigation measures in China: a review of the current evidence for further policy response. Science of the Total Environment 578, 148-157.

    Ochieng C., Tonne C., Vardoulakis S., Semenza J., 2017. Household air pollution in low and middle income countries. ORE Environmental Science. Oxford University Press.

    Ochieng C.A., Vardoulakis S., Tonne C., 2017. Household air pollution following replacement of traditional open fire with an improved rocket type cookstove. Science of the Total Environment 580, 440-447.

    Dimitroulopoulou S., Exley K., Walton H., Vardoulakis S., 2017. Health Impact Assessment of Local Interventions. Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Public Health England.

    Vardoulakis S., Dear K., Wilkinson P. 2016. Challenges and Opportunities for Urban Environmental Health and Sustainability: the HEALTHY-POLIS initiative. Environmental Health 15(1): 1-4.

    Salmond J.A., Tadaki M., Vardoulakis S., Arbuthnott K., Coutts A., Demuzere M., Dirks K.N., Heaviside C., Lim S., Macintyre H., McInnes R.N., Wheeler B.W. 2016. Health and climate related ecosystem services provided by street trees in the urban environment. Environmental Health 15(1): 95-111.

     Arbuthnott K., Hajat S., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., 2016. Changes in population susceptibility to heat and cold over time: assessing adaptation to climate change. Environmental Health 15(1): 73-93.

    Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., Cai X., 2016. Attribution of mortality to the Urban Heat Island during heatwaves in the West Midlands, UK. Environmental Health 15(1): 49-59.

    Wang L., Zhong B., Vardoulakis S., Zhang F., Pilot E., Li Y., Yang L., Wang W., Krafft T., 2016. Air quality strategies on public health and health equity in Europe - a systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, 1196.   

    Dora C.,… Vardoulakis S., et al. 2016. Health as the Pulse of the New Urban Agenda. WHO report to Habitat III – United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development. 

    Kovats S., Osborn D.,… Vardoulakis S., et al. 2016. Climate Change Risk Assessment 2017: Evidence Report. Chapter 5: People and the built environment. Committee on Climate Change, London.

    Heaviside C., Tsangari H., Paschalidou A.K., Vardoulakis S., Kassomenos A.P., Georgiou K.E., Yamasaki E.N., 2016. Heat related mortality in Cyprus for current and future climate scenarios. Science of the Total Environment 569-570, 627-633

    Borge R., Narros A., Artíñano B., Yagüe C., Gómez-Moreno F.J., de la Paz D., Román-Cascón C., Díaz E., Maqueda G., Sastre M., Quaassdorff C., Dimitroulopoulou C., Vardoulakis S., 2016. Assessment of microscale spatio-temporal variation of air pollution at an urban hotspot in Madrid (Spain) through an extensive field campaign. Atmospheric Environment 140, 432-445.

    Macintyre H.L., Heaviside C., Neal L., Agnew P., Thornes J., Vardoulakis S., 2016. Mortality and emergency hospitalizations associated with atmospheric particulate matter episodes across the UK in spring 2014. Environment International 97, 108-116.

    Symonds P., Taylor J., Chalabi Z., Mavrogianni A., Davies M., Hamilton I., Vardoulakis S., Heaviside C., Macintyre H., 2016. Development of an England-wide indoor overheating and air pollution model using artificial neural networks. Journal of Building Performance Simulation 9(6): 606-619.

    Mitchell D., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., Huntingford C., Masato G., Guillod B.P., Frumho P., Bowery A., Allen M., 2016. Attributing human mortality during extreme heatwaves to anthropogenic climate change. Environmental Research Letters 11, 074006

    Atkinson R.W., Butland B.K., Dimitroulopoulou C., Heal M.R., Stedman J.R., Carslaw N., Jarvis D., Heaviside C., Vardoulakis S., Walton H., Anderson H.R., 2016. Long-term exposure to ambient ozone and mortality: a quantitative systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence from cohort studies. British Medical Journal Open 6:e009493.

    Elliot A.J., Smith S., Dobney A., Thornes J., Smith G.E., Vardoulakis S., 2016. Monitoring the effect of air pollution episodes on health care consultations and ambulance call-outs in England during March/April 2014: a retrospective observational analysis. Environmental Pollution 214, 903-911.

    Tsangari H., Paschalidou A., Vardoulakis S., Konsoula Z., Christou S., Georgiou K.E., Ioannou K., Mesimeris T., Kleanthous S., Pashiardis S., Pavlou P., Kassomenos P., Heaviside C., Yamasaki E.N., 2016. Human mortality in Cyprus: the role of temperature and particulate air pollution. Regional Environmental Change 16, 1905-1913.

    Tsangari H., Paschalidou A.K., Kassomenos A.P., Vardoulakis S., Heaviside C., Georgiou K.E., Yamasaki E.N. 2016. Extreme weather and air pollution effects on cardiovascular and respiratory hospital admissions in Cyprus. Science of the Total Environment 542, 247-253.

    Vardoulakis S., Dimitroulopoulou S., Thornes J.E., Lai K-M., Taylor J., Myers I., Heaviside C., Mavrogianni A., Shrubsole C., Chalabi Z., Davies M., Wilkinson P., 2015. Impact of climate change on the domestic indoor environment and associated health risks in the UK. Environment International 85, 299-313.

    Milner J., Chalabi Z., Vardoulakis S., Wilkinson P., 2015. Housing interventions and health: quantifying the impact of indoor particles on mortality and morbidity with disease recovery. Environment International 81, 73-79.

    Harrison R.M., Masiol M., Vardoulakis S., 2015. Civil Aviation, Air Pollution and Human Health. Environmental Research Letters 10(4): 041001.

    Smith G.E., Bawa Z., Macklin Y., Morbey R., Dobney A., Vardoulakis S., Elliot A.J., 2015. Using real-time syndromic surveillance systems to help explore the acute impact of the air pollution incident of March/April 2014 in England. Environmental Research 136, 500-504.

    Vardoulakis S., Exley K., Bradley N., Dobney A., 2015. Action on air pollution. Chemical Hazards and Poisons Report. Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards (CRCE). Issue 25 August 2015. 

    Heaviside C., Cai X-M., Vardoulakis S., 2015. The effects of horizontal advection on the urban heat island in Birmingham and the West Midlands, United Kingdom during a heatwave. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141, 1429-1441.

     Taylor J., Shrubsole C., Hamilton I., Davies M., Vardoulakis S., Dasa P., Mavrogianni A., Jones B., Oikonomou E., 2014. The modifying effect of the building envelope on population exposure to PM2.5. Indoor Air 24, 639-651

    Vardoulakis S., Dear K., Hajat S., Heaviside C., Eggen B., McMichael A.J. 2014. Comparative assessment of the effects of climate change on heat and cold related mortality in the UK and Australia. Environmental Health Perspectives 122, 1285-1292

    Milner J., Chalabi Z., Wilkinson P., Armstrong B., Cairns J., Das P., Davies M., Duffy S., Eggen B., Hajat S., Hamilton I., Jones L., Petticrew M., Scovronik N., Taylor J., Vardoulakis S. 2014. Evidence review and economic analysis of excess winter deaths. Review 1: Factors determining vulnerability to winter- and cold-related mortality/morbidity. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)

    Hames D., Heaviside C., Hopkin A., Vardoulakis S., Thornes J., Panzeri M., 2014. Indicators to assess the resilience of health and emergency planning in England to the projected impacts of climate change. Report prepared for the Adaptation Sub-Committee of the Committee on Climate Change.

    Bradley N., Crabbe H., Exley K., Fletcher T., Foxall K., Gadeberg B., Gant T.W., Leonardi G., Marczylo T., Robjohns S., Sepai O., Stewart L., Stewart-Evans J.L., Thomas E., Vardoulakis S., 2014. The health impact of environmental chemicals in England. Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards. Public Health England.

    Kibble A., Cabianca T., Daraktchieva Z., Gooding T., Smithard J., Kowalczyk G., McColl N.P., Singh M., Vardoulakis S., Kamanyire R., 2014. Review of the potential public health impacts of exposures to chemicals and radioactive pollutants as a result of shale gas extraction. Public Health England. 

    Hajat S., Vardoulakis S., Heaviside C., Eggen B., 2014. Climate change effects on human health: projections of temperature-related mortality for the UK during the 2020s, 2050s, and 2080s. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 68, 641-648.

    Kassomenos P., Vardoulakis S., Chaloulakou A., Paschalidou A.K., Grivas G., Borge R., Lumbreras J., 2014. Study of PM10 and PM2.5 levels in three European cities: Analysis of intra and inter urban variations. Atmospheric Environment 87, 153-163.

    Heal M.R., Heaviside C., Doherty R.M., Vieno M., Stevenson D.S., Vardoulakis S., 2013. Health burdens of surface ozone in the UK for a range of future scenarios. Environment International 61, 36-44.

    Vardoulakis S., 2013. Environmental measurements, illustrated with a case study on ambient air pollution. In “Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection – a handbook for field professionals”, Eds. I.A. Kreis, A. Busby, G. Leonardi, J. Meara, and V. Murray. Oxford University Press.

    Ochieng C.A., Tonne C., Vardoulakis S., 2013. A comparison of fuel use between a low cost, improved wood stove and traditional three-stone stove in rural Kenya. Biomass and Bioenergy 58, 258-266.

    Azapagic A., Chalabi Z., Fletcher T., Grundy C., Leonardi G., Osammor O., Sharifi V., Swithenbank J., Tiwary A., Vardoulakis S., 2013. An Integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and a case study. Journal of Process Safety and Environmental Protection 91, 508-520.

    Ochieng C., Vardoulakis S., Tonne, C., 2013. Are rocket mud stoves associated with lower indoor carbon monoxide and personal exposure in rural Kenya? Indoor Air 23,14-24.

    Vardoulakis S., Heaviside C. (Eds), 2012. Health Effects of Climate Change in the UK 2012 – Current evidence, recommendations and research gaps. Health Protection Agency. Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, UK.

    Hames D., Vardoulakis S., 2012. Climate Change Risk Assessment for the Health Sector. UK 2012 Climate Change Risk Assessment, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, UK.

    Shrubsole C., Ridley I., Biddulph P., Milner J., Vardoulakis S., Ucci M., Wilkinson P., Chalabi Z., Davies M., 2012. Modelling indoor exposure to PM2.5 in London dwellings: predicted present day and future exposures and health implications following energy efficient refurbishment of the housing stock. Atmospheric Environment 62, 336-343.

    Vardoulakis S., Matan A., Newman P., Capon A.G., 2012. Air pollution modelling methodology for estimating population health risks under different urban transport scenarios. CSIRO’s National Research Flagships. Climate Adaption Collaboration Cluster – Urbanism, Climate Adaption and Health. Australia.

    Murray, V., G. McBean, M. Bhatt, S. Borsch, T.S. Cheong, W.F. Erian, S. Llosa, F. Nadim, M. Nunez, R. Oyun, A.G. Suarez… Vardoulakis S. et al. 2012. Case studies. In: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 487-542.

    Tasić V., Jovašević-Stojanović M., Vardoulakis S., Milošević N., Kovačević R., Petrović J., 2012. Comparative assessment of a real-time particle monitor against the reference gravimetric method for PM10 and PM2.5 in indoor air. Atmospheric Environment 54, 358-364.

    Kassomenos P., Vardoulakis S., Chaloulakou A., Grivas G., Borge R., Lumbreras J., 2012. Levels, sources and seasonality of coarse particles (PM10-PM2.5) in three European capitals – implications for particulate pollution control. Atmospheric Environment 54, 337-347.

    Vardoulakis S., Solazzo E., Lumbreras J., 2011. Intra-urban and street scale variability of BTEX, NO2 and O3 in Birmingham, UK: Implications for exposure assessment. Atmospheric Environment 45, 5069-5078.

    Hänninen O., Vardoulakis S., Sarigiannis D.A., Incecik S., Sokhi R.S., 2011. Focus on exposure to air pollution and related health impacts. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 4, 159-160.

    Solazzo E., Vardoulakis S., Cai X., 2011. A novel methodology for interpreting air quality measurements from urban streets using CFD modelling. Atmospheric Environment 45, 5230-5239.

    Kumar P., Ketzel M., Vardoulakis S., Pirjola L., Britter R., 2011. Dynamics and dispersion modelling of nanoparticles from road traffic in the urban atmospheric environment - a review. Journal of Aerosol Science 42, 580-603.

    Kumar P., Robins A., Vardoulakis S., Quincey P., 2011. Technical challenges in tackling regulatory concerns for urban atmospheric nanoparticles. Particuology 9, 566– 571.

    Vardoulakis S., Dimitrova R., Richards K., Hamlyn D., Camilleri G., Weeks M., Sini J-F., Britter R., Borrego C., Schatzmann M., Moussiopoulos N., 2011. Numerical model inter-comparison for wind flow and turbulence around single block buildings. Environmental Modelling & Assessment 16, 169-181.

    Matan A., Trubka R., Newman P., Vardoulakis S., 2011. Review of public health and productivity benefits from different urban transport and related land use options in Australia. CSIRO’s National Research Flagships. Climate Adaption Collaboration Cluster – Urbanism, Climate Adaption and Health. Australia.

    Grynszpan D., Murray V., Kreis I., Zenner D., Vardoulakis S., Caldin H., Heymann D., Morgan D., Heaviside C., 2011. International Dimensions of Climate Change: The Implications for the UK’s Health Sector of the Impacts of Climate Change Overseas, 2010 to 2100. Foresight, Government Office for Science.

    Vardoulakis S., 2010. First UK Climate Change Risk Assessment – Health Sector Scoping Report. Adapting to Climate Change Programme. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London.  

    Milner J., Vardoulakis S., Chalabi Z., Wilkinson P., 2010. Modelling inhalation exposure to combustion-related air pollutants in residential buildings. Environment International 37, 268-279.

    Kumar P., Robins A., Vardoulakis S., Britter R., 2010. A review of the characteristics of nanoparticles in the urban atmosphere and the prospects for developing regulatory controls. Atmospheric Environment 44, 5035-5052.

    Vardoulakis S., 2010. Climate Change and Human Health. Oxford Bibliographies Online: “Public Health”, Ed. T. Burnard, Oxford University Press.

    Vardoulakis S., Phoon X., Ochieng C., 2010. Health Effects of Air Pollutants. In “Human exposure to pollutants via dermal absorption and inhalation”, Eds. M. Lazaridis & I. Colbeck, Environmental Pollution 17, Springer Science. 

    Harrison R.M., Delgado Saborit J.M., Baker S., Aquilina N., Meddings C., Harrad S., Matthews I., Vardoulakis S., Anderson H.R., 2009. Measurement of modeling and exposure to selected air toxic for health effects studies and verification by biomarkers. EHI Research Report 143, pp. 198.

    Vardoulakis S., 2009. Human Exposure: Indoor and Outdoor. Issues in Environmental Science and Technology: "Air Quality in Urban Environments”, Eds. R.E. Hester & R.M. Harrison, Issue No. 28, pp. 85-107.

    Vardoulakis S., Lumbreras J., Solazzo E., 2009. Comparative evaluation of nitrogen oxides and ozone passive diffusion tubes for exposure studies. Atmospheric Environment 43, 2509–2517.

    Delgado Saborit J.M., Aquilina N.J., Meddings C., Baker S., Vardoulakis S., Harrison R.M., 2009. Personal Exposure Assessment to Volatile Organic Compounds in Three UK Regions. Environmental Science & Technology 43, 4582–4588.

    Tiwary A., Sinnett D., Peachey C., Chalabi Z., Vardoulakis S., Fletcher T., Leonardi G., Grundy C., Azapagic A., Hutchings T.R., 2009. An integrated tool to assess the role of new planting in PM10 capture and the human health benefits: a case study in London. Environmental Pollution 157, 2645-2653.

    Murena F., Favale G., Vardoulakis S., Solazzo E., 2009. Modelling dispersion of traffic pollution in a deep street canyon: application of CFD and operational models. Atmospheric Environment 43, 2303–2311.

    Solazzo E., Cai X., Vardoulakis S., 2009. Improved parameterisation for the numerical modelling of air pollution within an urban street canyon. Environmental Modelling & Software 24, 381–388.

    Vardoulakis S., Chalabi Z., Fletcher T., Grundy C., Leonardi G.S., 2008. Impact and uncertainty of a traffic management intervention: Population exposure to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. The Science of the Total Environment 394, 244-251.

    Vardoulakis S., Kassomenos P., 2008. Sources and factors affecting PM10 levels in two European cities: Implications for local air quality management. Atmospheric Environment 42, 3949-3963.

    Solazzo E., Cai X., Vardoulakis S., 2008. Modelling wind flow and vehicle-induced turbulence in urban streets. Atmospheric Environment 42, 4918–4931.

    Kassomenos P., Vardoulakis S., Borge R., Lumbreras J., Papaloukas C., Karakitsios S., 2008. Comparison of statistical clustering techniques for the classification of modelled atmospheric trajectories. Theoretical and Applied Climatology102, 1-12.

    Vardoulakis S., Valiantis M., Milner J., ApSimon H., 2007. Operational air pollution modelling in the UK – street canyon applications and challenges. Atmospheric Environment 41, 4622–4637.

    Solazzo E., Vardoulakis S., Cai X., 2007. Evaluation of traffic-producing turbulence schemes within Operational Street Pollution Models using roadside measurements. Atmospheric Environment 41, 5357–5370.

    Borge R., Lumbreras J., Vardoulakis S., Kassomenos P., Rodríguez E., 2007. Analysis of long-range transport influences on urban PM10 using two-stage atmospheric trajectory clusters. Atmospheric Environment 41, 4434–4450.

    Vardoulakis S., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Fisher B.E.A., Pericleous K., 2005. Spatial variability of air pollution in the vicinity of a permanent monitoring station in central Paris. Atmospheric Environment 39, 2725–2736.

    Vardoulakis S., Fisher B.E.A., Pericleous K., Gonzalez-Flesca N., 2003. Modelling air quality in street canyons: a review. Atmospheric Environment 37, 155-182.

    Vardoulakis S., Fisher B.E.A., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Pericleous K., 2002. Model sensitivity and uncertainty analysis using roadside air quality measurements. Atmospheric Environment 36, 2121-2134.

    Vardoulakis S., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Fisher B.E.A., 2002. Assessment of traffic-related air pollution in two street canyons in Paris: Implications for exposure studies. Atmospheric Environment 36, 1025-1039.

    Gonzalez-Flesca N., Vardoulakis S., Cicolella A., 2002. BTX concentrations near a Stage II implemented petrol station. Environmental Science & Pollution Research 9 (3) 5A, 169-174.

    Vardoulakis S., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Fisher B., 2000. Air quality monitoring and modelling techniques for street canyons: The Paris experience. VIII Air Pollution, WIT Press, 503-513.   

    Vardoulakis S., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Fisher B., 2000. Monitoring and modelling techniques for assessing air quality in urban microenvironments. INERIS, Verneuil, pp. 114.

    Vardoulakis S., Gonzalez-Flesca N., Fisher B., 1999. Roadside air quality monitoring and modelling: Canyon street situation. INERIS, Verneuil, pp. 86.


    Research topic

    (for students)

    Climate change and health

    Air pollution and health

    Environmental health

    Sustainable cities



    (for students)

    Global environmental health

    Environmental pollution 

    Sustainable development

    Climate change